m othon the plague

Is Othon portrayed positively or negatively by this reaction? M. Michel: M. Michel works in Dr. Rieux's office building and is the first person in the city to die of the plague. Meanwhile, Jean Tarrou, a vacationer; Joseph Grand, a civil engineer; and Dr. Rieux, exhaustively treat patients in their homes and in the hospital. Fighting the plague is an affirmation of the human will to survive while the paralysis of fear and escapism are acts of surrender. Despite the epidemic's ending, Tarrou contracts the plague and dies after a heroic struggle. It asks a number of questions relating to the nature of destiny and the human condition. One character, Raymond Rambert, devises a plan to escape the city to join his wife in Paris after city officials refused his request to leave. And that is something we must all accept. As the death toll begins to rise, more desperate measures are taken. Paneloux, who has joined the group of volunteers fighting the plague, gives a second sermon. [6] Lulu Haroutunian has discussed Camus' own medical history, including a bout with tuberculosis, and how it informs the novel. For other uses, see, Camus (in Thody, 1970):345. There are still some deaths (M. Othon, Rieux's wife, and worst of all, Tarrou), but it's ending. Violence and looting break out on a small scale, and the authorities respond by declaring martial law and imposing a curfew. [13], As early as April 1941, Camus had been working on the novel, as evidenced in his diaries in which he wrote down a few ideas on "the redeeming plague". Cottard went his usual desultory ways, and M. Othon, the magistrate, continued to parade his menagerie. The Plague is considered an existentialist classic despite Camus' objection to the label. ... Paneloux or Cottard. Check out the conversation between these two men. In this coronavirus pandemic, their responses are mirrored by todays officials. Rambert informs Tarrou of his escape plan, but when Tarrou tells him that there are others in the city, including Dr. Rieux, who have loved ones outside the city whom they are not allowed to see, Rambert becomes sympathetic and offers to help Rieux fight the epidemic until he leaves town. Cottard, on the other hand, seems to flourish during the plague because it gives him a sense of being connected to others, since everybody faces the same danger. Another character, Father Paneloux, uses the plague as an opportunity to advance his stature in the town by suggesting that the plague was an act of God punishing the citizens' sinful nature. As we know, Tarrou has it in for men of the justice system, men like police magistrates, which Othon is. MCCARTHY, P. “The Use of Narrative in The Plague.” Jacques Othon:Jacques Othon is M. Othon's young son. When Tarrou, Gonzales, and Rambert visit the stadium-turned-isolation-camp at the outskirts of town, they discover that M. Othon is the manager. Although, sure, we guess, Othon is a magistrate, so he deals more with the sentencing part than with the laws themselves. Rats that are infected with a vicious disease known as “the plague” invade the city and nearly wipe out half of the population. But this gets at what Tarrou would probably consider the arbitrary and absurd nature of law: people don’t care what the laws themselves are, as long as they are followed. He also hardens his heart regarding the plague victims so that he can continue to do his work. Asked by bookragstutor. Madame Rieux The mother of Dr. Rieux. The Plague, by Albert Camus, is a vivid description of a horrid epidemic. “The Narrator as Special Pleader. M. Othon M. (Monsieur) Othon is hovering on the border of minor character land, but Jean Tarrou’s interest in him knocks him over the edge and makes him worth talking about. A supply of plague serum finally arrives, but there is enough to treat only existing cases, and the country's emergency reserves are depleted. Dr. Rieux consults his colleague, Dr. Castel, about the illness until they come to the conclusion that a plague is sweeping the town. In the town of Oran, thousands of rats, initially unnoticed by the populace, begin to die in the streets. This novel appeals to the emotions of the reader, and leaves the reader thinking about love, death, and freedom. He inquires about the death of his son Jacques and whether the child suffered very much before he passed away. [11] Elwyn Sterling has analysed the role of Cottard and his final actions at the end of the novel. The town gates are shut, rail travel is prohibited, and all mail service is suspended. M. Othon: M. Othon is a magistrate in Oran. The Plague Who is M. Michel in The Plague by Albert Camus? Jacques Othon Jacques is M. Othon's small son. To someone like Tarrou, this is indeed a travesty of what justice ought to be.But it’s hard to hate M. Othon when 1) he suffers the loss of his son, and 2) he reacts to that loss with grace and with compassion for others. Official notices enacting control measures are posted, but the language used is optimistic and downplays the seriousness of the situation. People try to escape the town, but some are shot by armed sentries. ... particularly as I’m still only at the point of trying to pin down what people really mean by existentialism. He is tall and thin and, as Tarrou observes in his journal, "his small, beady eyes, narrow nose, and hard, straight mouth make him look like a well-brought-up owl." After he contracts the plague, he is the first to receive some of Dr. Castel's plague serum. Such people include M. Othon (sad), Jean Tarrou (catastrophically sad), and Rieux’s absent, invalid wife (we didn’t really know her that well). MCCANN, J. M. Michel. What follows is my attempt to engage with the text on this level. Last updated by Jill D on 29 Jun 12:49 Answers: 1. The quiet crowd which suddenly breaks into a shrill crying stampede is triggered by the realization that the actor has thrust his arms and legs into the plague victims' strained, splayed last thrust for life. "The Plague" is a famous allegorical novel by Albert Camus, who's known for his existential works. An old man, he is the first victim of the plague. [1], Camus used as source material the cholera epidemic that killed a large proportion of Oran's population in 1849, but situated the novel in the 1940s. Last updated by Jill D on 29 Jun 12:48 Answers: 1. He reflects on the epidemic and declares he wrote the chronicle "to simply say what we learn in the midst of plagues : there are more things to admire in men than to despise". Rambert is reunited with his wife. ", "Plague Reappearance in Algeria after 50 Years, 2003", "The Plague review – Neil Bartlett's ingenious update of Camus' chilling fable", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Plague&oldid=996503493, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 00:23. Part 1 On the other hand, if he’s using his grief positively to take care of others, the humanists wouldn’t exactly whack him on the nose for fighting against suffering for the good of man. Jacques Othon is M. Othon's young son. By entering your email address you agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that you are over the age of 13. Othon treats his wife and children unkindly, but after his son dies of the plague, his character softens. In September and October, the town remains at the mercy of the plague. In February, the town gates open and people are reunited with their loved ones from other cities. Authorities responding to public pressure order the collection and cremation of the rats, unaware that the collection itself was the catalyst for the spread of the bubonic plague. The separation affects daily activity and depresses the spirit of the townspeople, who begin to feel isolated and introverted, and the plague begins to affect various characters. This is a fuzzy existentialism vs. humanism line. Rieux is later informed via telegram that his wife has also died. The streetcars were always packed at the rush hours, empty and untidy during the rest of the day. Paneloux cannot produce a moral or rational explanation for an innocent child's horrible death. He begins a gun fight in town and soon his taken into custody by the police. M. (Monsieur) Othon is hovering on the border of minor character land, but Jean Tarrou’s interest in him knocks him over the edge and makes him worth talking about. M. Othon does catch the plague and dies as does Tarrou, yet Tarrou struggles and fights until the disease takes him in the end. To us, this sounds great – but how would it sound to Camus? The narrator remains unknown until the start of the last chapter, chapter 5 of part 5. The Death of a Child in La Peste.” Orbis Litterarum LVI (2001): 399-416. The plague, for the present, offers life to Cottard. Homes are quarantined; corpses and burials are strictly supervised. [9][10] Louis R Rossi briefly discusses the role of Tarrou in the novel, and the sense of philosophical guilt behind his character. A few days after the sermon, Paneloux is taken ill. His symptoms do not conform to those of the plague, but the disease still proves fatal. He addresses the problem of an innocent child's suffering and says it is a test of a Christian's faith since it requires him either to deny everything or believe everything. The inhabitants passively endure their increasing feelings of exile and separation. [7] Marina Warner has noted the lack of female characters and the total absence of Arab characters in the novel, but also notes its larger philosophical themes of "engagement", "paltriness and generosity", "small heroism and large cowardice", and "all kinds of profoundly humanist problems, such as love and goodness, happiness and mutual connection". "What an odd statement! His second sermon is an interesting variation on … The Plague Who is M. Othon in The Plague by Albert Camus? The Plague (French: La Peste) is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran. At the end of October, M. Othon’s son is treated unsuccessfully for the plague and dies. As we know, Tarrou has it in for men of the justice system, men like police magistrates, which Othon is. M. Michel is the concierge of the building in which Rieux lives. Near the end of October, Dr. Castel's new anti-plague serum is ready to test. When the daily number of deaths jumps to 30, the town is sealed, and an outbreak of plague is officially declared. The novel reveals the feelings of the people that experienced the disaster of living in a plague stricken tone. M. Michel: M. Michel is the concierge of the building in which Rieux lives. Jacques Othon: The son of M. Othon, Jacques Othon dies after he receives a failed anti-plague serum. The Plague His diatribe falls on the ears of many citizens of the town, who turned to religion in droves but would not have done so under normal circumstances. The narrative tone is similar to Kafka's, especially in The Trial, whose individual sentences potentially have multiple meanings; the material often pointedly resonating as stark allegory of phenomenal consciousness and the human condition. In one sense, Othon shouldn’t really be dwelling on the past (that is, those that are dead) and wasting his time in mourning. Grand catches the plague and instructs Rieux to burn all his papers. MATSUMOTO, Y. [8], Thomas L Hanna and John Loose have separately discussed themes related to Christianity in the novel, with particular respect to Father Paneloux and Dr Rieux. Tarrou tells Rieux the story of his life and, to take their mind off the epidemic, the two men go swimming together in the sea. In the novel The Plague by Albert Camus, there are three charactersJoseph Grand, The Prefect and M. Othonwho represent how government officials respond to pestilence. After Jacques dies, Othon volunteers to stay in the isolation camp – even after his own period of quarantine is up – because it makes him feel closer to his son. Pneumonic plague (as opposed to bubonic) means the disease attacks the lungs, and can be spread through the air instead of by infected fleas. Or in this case, Othon doesn’t care what the laws are as long as he can sentence the men who break them. Raoul Despondent, they waste away emotionally as well as physically. In mid-August, the situation continues to worsen. [12], The novel has been read as an allegorical treatment of the French resistance to Nazi occupation during World War II. Cottard and Tarrou attend a performance of Gluck's opera Orpheus and Eurydice, but the actor portraying Orpheus collapses with plague symptoms during the performance. After the death of his son, some gentleness appears in Othon’s character, but he dies of plague … M. Othon today lives in officials who passively and helplessly wait for what will unfold next, … When Othon expresses satisfaction at the "ordinary laws" being well-obeyed, Tarrou counters that they just seem acceptable given the current situation. The Plague (French: La Peste) is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story from the point of view of a narrator of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran. Towards the end of October, Castel's new antiplague serum is tried for the first time, but it cannot save the life of Othon's young son, who suffers greatly, as Paneloux, Rieux, and Tarrou tend to his bedside in horror. A gripping tale of human unrelieved horror, of survival and resilience, and of the ways in which humankind confronts death, The Plague is at once a masterfully crafted novel, eloquently understated and epic in scope, and a parable of ageless moral resonance, profoundly relevant to our times. M Othon informs Tarrou that his Mme Othon is “under suspicion” for having taken care of her mother who has succumbed to plague. It asks a number of questions relating to the nature of destiny and the human condition. Hysteria develops soon afterward, causing the local newspapers to report the incident. When he contracts the plague, he is the first to receive Dr. Castel's anti-plague serum. The Plague study guide contains a biography of Albert Camus, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. The book begins with an epigraph quoting Daniel Defoe, author of A Journal of the Plague Year. M. Othon: M. Othon is a magistrate in Oran. Chaos prevails when the bubonic plague strikes the Algerian coastal city of Oran. Asked by bookragstutor. [2] Oran and its surroundings were struck by disease several times before Camus published his novel. According to an academic study, Oran was decimated by the bubonic plague in 1556 and 1678, but all later outbreaks (in 1921: 185 cases; 1931: 76 cases; and 1944: 95 cases) were very far from the scale of the epidemic described in the novel.[3]. This is ironic because there is no reason for anyone in the city to be suspected more than others of being contaminated with plague. The Plague (French: La Peste) is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the Algerian city of Oran. But the serum is ineffective, and the boy dies after a long and painful struggle. She comes to visit her son during the first days of the plague. ... M. Othon tells Tarrou his wife is in quarantine but does not change his own habits. What insights can we discover from Camus’ novel, The Plague, about moral motivations? Last updated by Jill D on 29 Jun 12:48 Answers: 1. 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