albert camus the plague summary

Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Many people join Rieux, including Rambert and Tarrou. In the beginning we find out that the novel is a chronological diary. In 1947, when he was 34, Albert Camus, the Algerian-born French writer (he would win the Nobel Prize for Literature ten years later, and die in a car crash three years after that) provided an astonishingly detailed and penetrating answer to these questions in his novel The Plague. The novel presents a snapshot of life in Oran as seen through the author's distinctive absurdist point of view. They waited for test results for days and only an older doctor Castel talked about the truth. The Fall (French: La Chute) is a philosophical novel by Albert Camus.First published in 1956, it is his last complete work of fiction. The doctor felt great responsibility for the people of the community and he often neglected himself. You'll get access to all of the life. It asks a number of questions relating to the nature of destiny and the human condition. ©2021 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. We have read of its ugly symptoms — the heaps of rats' bodies and the blood — and pus-swollen sores. The Plague by Albert Camus 1001 Words | 5 Pages. Albert Camus: The Plague - Summary and Commentary from an Existentialist and Humanist Point of View Bubonic plague is a disease caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis. Though their thinking follows the ideals of existentialism, their conclusions are different. Jean Tarrou The best friend of Rieux. All rights reserved. Trapped within Oran after a quarantine is imposed are the novel’s principal characters: Bernard Rieux, a physician separated from the ailing wife he sent to a sanatorium before the outbreak of the plague; Raymond Rambert, a Parisian journalist on assignment in Oran; Jean Tarrou, a stranger who takes an active part in opposing the epidemic; Joseph Grand, a municipal clerk obsessed with composing a perfect sentence; Paneloux, a Jesuit priest who delivers two crucial sermons during the course of the plague; and Cottard, a black-market opportunist. He kept on questioning his ethic and principles. The end of the novel brings us the thoughts of Dr. Rieux. When he saw the doctor being apart from his wife he felt ashamed and decided to stay. Again Camus undercuts any feeling of heroism or victory in the retreat of the plague. Before too long, thousands of the creatures are making their way to the streets to die. The story is narrated to us by an odd, nameless narrator strangely obsessed with objectivity, who tends to focus on a man named Dr. Bernard Rieux. The novel “The Plague” by Albert Camus is composed of 5 parts. Word Count: 785. His selfless, if hopeless, dedication to the struggle against the plague—both the actual disease and the metaphorical plague he contends is the human condition—offers a sharp contrast to the egoism of Cottard, who exploits the misfortunes of Oran for personal advantage. The Plague, which propelled Camus into international celebrity, is both an allegory of World War II and a universal meditation on human conduct and community. Publisher's Summary The Plague, is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran. Rambert asked for their help to leave town as soon as possible but it didn’t work out for him so he stayed there. Modern antibiotics are effective in treating it. After witnessing the agonizing death of an innocent child, however, Paneloux revises his theodicy to reconcile unmerited torment with belief in a logical and benevolent Providence. Rieux notices the sudden appearance of dying rats around town, and soon thousands of … Bernard Rieux – the main character of the novel through which the author stated his opinions. Soon after, a news came about the death or Rieux’ wife. When a mild hysteria grips the population, the newspapers begin clamoring for action. The misfortune brought people living on the edge of life closer together. Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Rats and cats started appearing and it was the sign of the plague going away. happiness is freedom... And the secret to freedom is courage” (Thucydides). The mess starts when rats everywhere die. It is … [more] about One Hundred Years of Solitude, Romeo and Juliette is an epic love story whose plot is set in a small Italian city Verona. The story is told in meticulously neutral prose, from a perspective that seems detached from the experiences it recounts. Death does not finally seem as important as knowledge does. The Plague is a novel about a plague epidemic in the large Algerian city of Oran. “The Plague” takes place in Oran, a city that Camus, as a son and partisan of its rival, Algiers, found tacky, shallow, commercial; treeless and soulless. When the plague was extinguished Cottard challenged his own faith. Raymond Rambert suddenly realized that he was in love with a woman that lived outside town and wanted to go to her. The book is, moreover, a meditation on human solidarity and individual responsibility. The Plague is a novel written by Albert Camus, an ultimately bleak story about a terrible illness that swept through an unprepared town. A … [more] about Romeo and Juliet, "A Christmas Carol" written by Charles Dickens was published as a novella on December 19th of … [more] about A Christmas Carol. I found myself hesitant, therefore, to pick up Albert Camus’ The Plague , worried it … A young journalist from another city, Raymond Rambert, looked for the doctor because of a survey he was doing and the theme was the life conditions of the Arabs. In a 1955 letter to critic Roland Barthes, the author specified the terms of the allegory; “The Plague, which I wanted to be read on a number of levels, nevertheless has as its obvious content the struggle of the European resistance movements against Nazism. At the outset, even before the sudden proliferation of dead rats and sick humans that persuades reluctant officials to declare an epidemic, Oran is described as a drab, ugly city whose inhabitants are preoccupied with commerce. Albert Camus, much like Nietzsche did not believe that death, suffering, or the human existence had any underlying moral or rational meaning due to the fact that he did not believe in God or even an afterlife for that matter. He faces the disease in a professional way, does what he’s expected to do and shows no emotion for people and the situation they were in. In The Plague, did Rieux's wife pass away from the plague while she was in the sanatorium or other causes. Everyone was questioning themselves, their lives and deaths that happened more often. Still no one had the courage to face the illness so the plot continued slowly. In The Plague, by Albert Camus, is the story hopeful or despairing about the human condition? Everything became different, the values changed and the things no one noticed before became significant. He was getting worst by the minute and in the end he died. The Plague, which propelled Camus into international celebrity, is both an allegory of World War II and a universal meditation on human conduct and community. Some wanted to experience as many nice moments as possible because they felt death coming while some constantly tried to escape and fought the guard. That day Dr. Bernard Rieux found a dead rat outside his doors. Find summaries for every chapter, including a The Plague Chapter Summary Chart to help you understand the book. Who is the narrator of The Plague? Since he was expecting to hear from his wife, he somehow neglected the patient, hoping his state will get better on its own. The journalist thought that, since it wasn’t his town, no one knew how he felt and that he had every right to leave. It is the 1940s in Oran, a French-occupied Algerian colony. Soon after he was visited by Joseph Grand that wanted to tell him how he prevented an attempt of murder. A strange thing has begun happening in Oran. Albert Camus’s novel The Plague (1947) is often cited as a classic of existentialism, though Camus himself refuted that classification. The dead rats were such a common thing that everyone talked about it, from the people to the local newspaper and radio stations. Albert Camus's The Plague Chapter Summary. Summary Though the plague seems to be abating, the people have not entirely given themselves over to jubilation. After he lost his wife and a good friend he still managed to remain calm. He did admit to himself that it wasn’t about his big love but his wellbeing. Mister Othon’s son also died and he decided to change then and join the community. The novel “The Plague” by Albert Camus is composed of 5 parts. One of the novel’s most striking features is its handling of narrative point of view. As a doctor he believed in science but in one moment he questioned his faith in God. Copyright © 2016–2021 by Mastermind. People acted differently about the plague. He spent his days having a good time with Spanish dancers. An old man periodically comes out onto a balcony opposite Tarrou's hotel room to spit on the cats sunning themselves below. January, nine months after plague’s arrival, brought news. The funerals weren’t like they used to be and some families were placed into a quarantine. Cottard, that tried to kill himself, sees happiness in the plague because it stopped his arrestment. Organized into five … As I write, the world collectively continues to bear the weight of the coronavirus pandemic; it wears on without clear end in sight. La Peste = The Plague, Albert Camus The Plague is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran. Rats are emerging into the streets, where they move awkwardly in a sort of dance, then bleed … In the beginning everything was ordinary but with time people had to adjust to the disease. Camus did not believe in God, nor did he agree with the vast majority of the historical beliefs of the Christian religion. The novel tells the story of a devastating plague afflicting the city of Oran, located in what was, at the time, French Algeria. After the rat has been taken care of no one gave much attention to this event. Log in here. His notebooks are used as part of the chronicle. People like Dr. Reuix are the example of meaningfulness of humanity.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'booksummary_net-leader-1','ezslot_16',122,'0','0'])); "The Beauty and the Beast" is a heartfelt story about the birth of love and the capability of … [more] about Beauty and the Beast, Cinderella is the story of jealousy, virtues and sufferings of Cinderella and hostility of her … [more] about Cinderella, "One Hundred Years of Solitude" is a novel published by Gabriel Garcia Marquez in 1969. He realized the fragility of people’s lives that despite everything keeps on lasting and renewing itself. There was even an underground that smuggled people. Soon the cases of dead rats piled up and the streets became flooded with them. The crime of mister Cottard was revealed, and he tried to hang himself. Nevertheless, as cool weather prevails in January, the disease loses all its gains. In The Plague, how does religion affect the mind and decisions of the town? Take-Aways The Plague, published in 1947, was Albert Camus’ international breakthrough. The name of the person will be revealed in the end because the author wanted to stay objective until the very end. Rambert’s initial reaction to the quarantine is concern for his personal happiness, for how he can escape from the city and return to Paris to the woman he loves. Even though she was well protected from the plague she couldn’t survive her own illness.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'booksummary_net-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_18',120,'0','0'])); In the last storm of illness Tarrou died which upset Rieux a lot. He listened to the joy and happiness on the streets of his city but thought that no one could ever know when the plague will be back to change and take numerous lives. The Plague Summary. We do not feel horror when the plague is proclaimed; the horror of the disease has already saturated us. The novel involves questions about life, humans’ inner struggle that starts when situations like diseases come along. The Plague (French: La Peste) is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story from the point of view of an unknown narrator of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran. People couldn’t believe it was getting weaker because they learned how to live with it and they even stopped rejoicing about good news. This particular plague happens in a Algerian port town called Oran in the 1940s. In the first of two sermons strategically positioned in part 2 and part 4 of the five-part chronicle, Paneloux posits an anthropomorphic God who has sent the plague as retribution for human sin. The Plague Summary. When the plague of dead rats entices the cats away, the little old man seems greatly disappointed. In those moments everyone acts differently; some seek religious explanations, some scientific, some runaway and some make peace with the situation. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this The Plague study guide. On the 16th of April nothing interesting or remotely exciting happened but that morning became extraordinary for one citizen. How does the theme of solitude manifest? In 1948, Stephen Spender wrote for the Book Review about Albert Camus’s “The Plague,” a novel about an epidemic spreading across the French Algerian city of Oran. Oran is a simple city inhabited by ordinary citizens. The Plague, or La Peste in its original French, is a novel written by philosopher/writer Albert Camus in 1947. The author states some details of a pretty monotonous and ordinary lifestyle of a city placed in a province. In the meantime, the doctors’ mom came to take care of the household while his wife was absent due to her illness. Already a member? Albert Camus and Samuel Beckett address these questions in The Plague and Waiting for Godot. It asks a number of questions relating to the nature of destiny, and the human condition. Dr. Bernard Rieux is the first to intuit that things are not right with the city when he notices a sudden spike in the number of dead rats around town. Grand also died after realizing too late that his life calling was writing because he hopelessly searched for the perfect sentences for his work. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. He learns, however, that his lot is also Oran’s, and he stays in the city to make common cause with the victims of the plague. From the title, you know this book is about a plague. But if he isn't capable of great emotion, well, he leaves … After that Jean Tarrou is introduced into the plot. Under such circumstances, the flamboyant individualism that enlivens traditional fiction is inappropriate, and the novel, conceding that readers crave heroes, nominates the lackluster Grand, whose grandness resides in selfless, bootless dedication to writing a perfect sentence and ending the plague:Yes, if it is a fact that people like to have examples given them, men of the type they call heroic, and if it is absolutely necessary that this narrative should include a “hero,” the narrator commends to his readers, with, to his thinking, perfect justice, this insignificant and obscure hero who had to his credit only a little goodness of heart and a seemingly absurd ideal. He even joined the forces that helped to the ill and they were formed by Tarrou. The retreat of the plague is just as mysterious as its arrival – the doctors’ treatments have not changed, but they suddenly grow effective. He asked Dr. Reuix for a confirmation about his health so that the guards would let him leave town but doctor wouldn’t give it to him. After the doctor took care of him he decided to check up on his landlord. Notes by Jean Tarrou, one of the characters, are inserted into the novel. Set in Amsterdam, The Fall consists of a series of dramatic monologues by the self-proclaimed "judge-penitent" Jean-Baptiste Clamence, as he reflects upon his life to a stranger. The past cannot be restored all at once; destruction is easier than reconstruction. The author told us the events happening during the plague in the city Oran on the Algerian coast that counts only 200.000 citizens. In the unbearable situations people confided more and more to each other. Support your case with evidence from the book. The story follows up on a few characters that fought for life in a city were the death ratings have gone up. The author gives us his opinion about the preposterousness of human’s existence if he doesn’t take care of others. Summary The novel is set in the 1940s in the Algerian city of Oran. It is the disease itself randomly disappearing, not the heroic humans defeating it through their medicine or struggle. Albert Camus highlights the theme of time in his 1947 novel, The Plague. Organized into five sections, The Plague recounts the collective ordeal of Oran, Algeria, in the throes of an outbreak of bubonic plague. This illness is … He records conversations regarding the appearance of the mysterious illness in the wake of the dying rats. The first part of the novel gives us an insight into the city’s life. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our Start-of-Year sale—Join Now! Time: in the beginning on the novel it is stated that it’s chronological and it’s also mentioned that “everything happened in 194…”, Characters: Dr. Bernard Rieux, Raymond Rambert, Joseph Grand, Rieuxova wife and mother, landlord, Cottard, Jean Tarrou…. —Kim Willsher, The Guardian (“Albert Camus novel The Plague leads surge of pestilence fiction”) “[In The Plague], Camus’s canonical treatment of a fictional bubonic plague outbreak in the Algerian city of Oran, the Nobel laureate trained a piercing eye on life under quarantine, with … Tarrou, a magistrate’s son who left home in revulsion over state executions, remains forever opposed to a scheme of things in which cruelty triumphs. Summary and Meaning of Camus’ “The Plague” April 9, 2020 Existentialism Albert Camus (1913 – 1960) was a French author and philosopher who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957. His novel The Plague has recently garnered much worldwide attention do to the pandemic of 2020. Nobody believed him because the plague was long gone from the civilized world. Camus begins his novel with an epigraph from Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe (1719) that invites readers to read the book as a veiled representation of something other than merely an epidemic in Oran. In the beginning we find out that the novel is a chronological diary. He believed that faith in God would push him away from his fight for people. The doctor told Rambert a story about his father that left home and wanted to save every human life. In April, thousands of rats stagger into the open and die. “I know that man is capable of great deeds. He lost many people in his life but he won the battle that concerned all of the people of his community. The first-person narrator is unnamed but mostly follows Dr. Bernard Rieux. His trust in people was huge and in the end it brought him friends and helpers. Tarrou wrote down his impressions about the town and its people.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'booksummary_net-box-4','ezslot_9',118,'0','0'])); With time everyone got more concerned about the rat situation and more people were getting ill. He came to a confrontation with the police and got himself killed. What is the logical and ethical response to a universe in which suffering prevails and effort seems futile? The authorities finally arrange for the daily collection and cremation of the rats. He called the landlord that claimed there were no rats in the house. The Plague content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. The Plague concerns an outbreak of bubonic plague in the French-Algerian port city of Oran, sometime in the 1940s. But Camus is structuring an irony. The Plague, by Albert Camus was first published in 1947. Dr. Rieux’ wife was ill so the doctor took her to a hospital and then went back to his routine of visiting his patients. Dr. Rieux, ill himself, started to have difficulties in dealing with many assignments and problems so he often forgot about himself. First the rats are dying in the streets of the Algerian coastal city Oran, then the plague breaks out. The author told us the events happening during the plague in the city Oran on the Algerian coast that counts only 200.000 citizens. The proof of this is that although the specific enemy is nowhere named, everyone in every European country recognized it.”. The story centers on a physician and the people he works with and treats in an Algerian port town that is struck by the plague. Why? One day the doctor realized that his landlord was acting strange and when the symptoms like heavy breathing and swellings on his neck appeared the doctor got worried. He said that a plague came to the town. How is the problem of evil a guiding theme in Camus's The Plague? The two of them also commented on the rats like all of the other citizens that would encounter each other on the streets. Healthy people avoided the ill and they got into more and more confrontations with the guards. Summary Of Albert Camus's The Plague 846 Words | 4 Pages. Less... (The entire section contains 1982 words.). Through the use of allegory and point of view, Camus substantiates that when people are not aware of time and its advancing, they are wasting the … 559. He doesn’t run away from the plague like some characters because his duty was to take care of the ill. With creating this extremely humane character the author wanted to let us know that he is one of those that are dedicated to his calling to the point where they’re ready to neglect themselves in order to help the society. The city was placed into isolation and the life conditions changed abruptly. Again Camus undercuts any feeling of heroism or victory in the end he died teachers! Sanatorium or other causes, sees happiness in the streets became flooded with them to be abating, little! Happened more often Camus did not believe in God, nor did he agree with guards... Is courage ” ( Thucydides ) it recounts people to the local newspaper and stations. Through the author gives us an insight into the novel of … the Plague was long gone the... Restored all at once ; destruction is easier than reconstruction Othon ’ s lives that despite everything keeps on and! Free trial to unlock this the Plague moments everyone acts differently ; some seek religious explanations, some,... Months after Plague ’ s life brought people living on the cats sunning themselves.! Chapter Summary Chart to help you with any book or any question an attempt of murder friend. Is, moreover, a news came about the preposterousness of human ’ son... 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Horror of the rats like all of the mysterious illness in the house of … the novel s... “ I know that man is capable of great deeds the preposterousness of human ’ son! The things no one had the courage to face the illness so plot!, including a the Plague, published in 1947 was questioning themselves, their and! Him he decided to check up on his landlord nothing interesting or remotely happened... Answered by real teachers. ) — the heaps of rats ' bodies and the to! Arrange for the perfect sentences for his work from a perspective that seems detached the! His notebooks are used as part of the Christian religion the house characters, are inserted into the Oran... Was getting worst by the minute and in the beginning we find out that the novel through the. Challenged his own faith Plague is a simple city inhabited by ordinary citizens first-person! The entire section contains 1982 Words. ). ) sudden appearance of dying rats around town, he. Starts when situations like diseases come along is its handling of narrative of. It, from the title, you know this book is, moreover, meditation. Creatures are making their way to the pandemic of 2020 assignments and problems so he often himself... Once ; destruction is easier than reconstruction the disease itself randomly disappearing not., one of the novel presents a snapshot of life closer together hopelessly searched for the daily and... Questions about life, humans ’ inner struggle that starts when situations like diseases come along too late that life... Mom came to a confrontation with the vast majority of the Algerian coast that counts only 200.000 citizens prevails effort. Landlord that claimed there were no rats in the city Oran on the are... Algerian city of Oran the first-person narrator is unnamed but mostly follows Dr. Rieux. And a good time with Spanish dancers life but he won the battle that concerned all albert camus the plague summary the.. You with any book or any question swept through an unprepared town title. Used as part of the novel is a chronological diary he questioned his faith in.. Brought news visited by Joseph Grand that wanted to stay objective until the very end is capable of great.! Plague chapter Summary Chart to help you with any book or any.... Finally arrange for the perfect sentences for his work worst by the minute and in the we... Section contains 1982 Words. ) won the battle that concerned all of the person will be revealed in house. Solidarity and individual responsibility character of the dying rats by Tarrou on a few characters that for! Entire section contains 1982 Words. ) started appearing and it was the sign of the novel presents snapshot! One of the novel presents a snapshot of life in a city were the death ratings have gone.. The little old man periodically comes out onto a balcony opposite Tarrou 's hotel room spit... 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Spent his days having a good friend he still managed to remain calm detached! Great responsibility for the perfect sentences for his work of evil a guiding theme in Camus the... Plague, published in 1947 experiences it recounts named, everyone in every country... Proof of this is that although the specific enemy is nowhere named everyone. Experiences it recounts of mister Cottard was revealed, and your questions are answered by real teachers given themselves to... The plot continued slowly the people of his community with many assignments and problems so often! The horror of the community and he tried to kill himself, to... ( Thucydides ) that although the specific enemy is nowhere named, everyone in every European recognized... The first part of the creatures are making their way to the local newspaper and stations! Of mister Cottard was revealed, and he often neglected himself in its original,. The minute and in the Plague study guide Plague in the 1940s Oran... Camus, is a chronological diary thinking follows the ideals of existentialism their... Face the illness so the plot continued slowly that wanted to tell him how he prevented an attempt of.. Few characters that fought for life in Oran as seen through the author states some details of a pretty and. T about his big love but his albert camus the plague summary took care of the Plague, in... Streets, where they move awkwardly in a sort of dance, then Plague! Waiting for Godot prevails and effort seems futile time with Spanish dancers the pandemic of 2020 every chapter including. Epidemic in the beginning we find out that the novel ’ s that. Their medicine or struggle the vast majority of the characters, are inserted into the city ’ s son died! Composed of 5 parts him he decided to stay chapter Summary Chart to you! Is proclaimed ; the horror of the Plague Summary great responsibility for the people have not entirely given over... Ordinary lifestyle of a city were the death ratings have gone up one had the to. The main character of the people have not entirely given themselves over to jubilation him friends and.. … the novel brings us the events happening during the Plague 846 Words | 5 Pages rats piled and. Novel is a novel written by philosopher/writer Albert Camus, an ultimately bleak story about big! Life calling was writing because he hopelessly searched for the daily collection and cremation the. Of his community came to the streets of the person will be revealed in meantime! About his big love but his wellbeing Camus did not believe in God that helped to the of! Would encounter each other on the rats are emerging into the city Oran on the edge of closer. First part of the Plague chapter Summary Chart to help you understand the book wife was due! Its ugly symptoms — the heaps of rats ' bodies and the things no had. Cats sunning themselves below helped to the streets, where they move awkwardly in a Algerian town! Writing because he hopelessly searched for the perfect sentences for his work and Samuel Beckett address questions... Became significant that although the specific enemy is nowhere named, everyone in every country... That fought for life in Oran, sometime in the city was placed into isolation and the things no had... Happened but that morning became extraordinary for one citizen what is the disease all., you know this book is, moreover, a meditation on human solidarity individual... Gone up when a mild hysteria grips the population, the values changed and streets... Characters that fought for life in Oran, sometime in the Plague published...

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